About Us Fact Sheet on Azerbaijan


Official Name

Republic of Azerbaijan




86,600 sq. km

Weather (in C)

Average temperature in summer is 28 C
Average temperature in winter is 14 C


10.156 million as of 01 January 2022

Forest Cover
(% of total area)

About 1,131.7 thousand hectors
(13.7% of the territory)

CO2 emissions

Estimated at 33,895 KT

Tourist  Arrivals

791.8 thousand (2021)

Age Profile

0-14 years: 22.4%
15-24 years: 13.5%
25-54 years: 45.5% 
55-64 years: 11.4%
65 years and over: 7.2%

Life Expectancy

Estimated at 73

Language (with % of speakers, if available)

Azerbaijani (Azeri) (official) 92.6%, Russian 1.4%, Armenian 1.4%, other 4.7%

Ethnic groups

Azerbaijani 91.6%, Lezgian 2%, Russian 1.3%, Armenian 1.3%, Talysh 1.3%, other 2.4%

Main Religions (with %, if available)

Shia Muslim: 70%, Sunni Muslim: 23%, Russian Orthodox: 2.5%, Armenian Orthodox: 2.3%, others: 1.8%

Internet Penetration

80% of population

Mobile phones

10.3 million





AZN  (Manat)

Exchange rate with US$ and Rupee

US$ 1 = 1.7 Azerbaijani Manat
Azerbaijani Manat 1 = 45.20 Indian Rupees


AZN 92.86 billion (US$ 54.62 billion) [2021]

GDP Growth Rate

5.6% (2021) 

Major Sectors (% of GDP)

Industry- 42.5%, Trade and transport maintenance- 10.1%, Transport and warehouse 6.9%, Agriculture, forestry and fishery- 5.9%, Construction- 5.9%, IT and Communications- 1.8%, Tourism- 1.3% and Other sectors- 17.1%  (2021)

Unemployment Rate (%)

6.0% [2021]

Inflation (%)

6.7% [2021]

GDP Per Capita

AZN 9,269 (US$ 5,452.5) [2021]

Total Trade (Goods)

US$ 33.9 billion [2021]

Exports (Goods)

US$ 22.2 billion [2021]

Imports (Goods)

US$ 11.7 billion [2021]

Balance of Trade

US$ 10.5 billion [2021]   

Major Trading Partners (Currency Unit billion)

Italy - US$ 9.66 billion, Turkey - US$ 4.66 billion, Russia - US$ 2.99 billion, China - US$ 1.78 billion, Germany - US$ 1.28 billion, Israel - US$ 0.928 billion, Ukraine - US$ 0.92 billion, Georgia - US$ 0.76 billion, Croatia - US$ 0.75 billion, India - US$ 0.74 billion [2021]


Head of State

H.E. Mr. Ilham Aliyev, President of the Republic of Azerbaijan 

Prime Minister

H.E. Mr. Ali Asadov, Prime Minister

Minister of Foreign Affairs

H.E. Mr. Jeyhun Bayramov, Minister of Foreign Affairs


Bilateral Trade

US$ 739 million [2021]

Indian Exports

US$ 144 million [2021]

Imports into India

US$ 594 million [2021]

Major items of Export and Import

The important items of direct and indirect imports from India to Azerbaijan are rice, drugs, mobile phones, granite, ceramic tiles, devices and equipment of automatic regulation and control, black tea, mechanical spades and excavators, kali and natrium bromide, antibiotics, meat of large horned livestock, human vaccine, centrifugal liquid-pumps etc. [2021]

Indian investment in Azerbaijan

In March 2013, ONGC Videsh Ltd acquired shares worth US$ 1 billion in development project of the Azeri-Chirag-Gunashli (2.31%) oil field and the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipe line (2.36%). ONGC Videsh signed new PSA on ACG oil field on 14 September 2017. Overall, Indian companies have invested more than $1.2 billion in the Azerbaijani economy according to the Ministry of Economy of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

Over 675 Indian companies have been registered in Azerbaijan as of January 2022.

Azerbaijan's investment in India

Azerbaijani Investments in India was US$ 66.5 million as of February 2022 by State Oil Fund of the Republic of Azerbaijan (SOFAZ).

Indian Origin/PRs/Indian Students

Indian Nationals: 1481
PIO: 124
Indian Students: 110

Indian Diaspora (composition and any pertinent information that may be of interest)

The Indian community in Azerbaijan comprises of about 1481 persons (as on May 2022), including professionals employed with international companies in the oil and gas sectors, businessmen engaged in commodities trading, catering and restaurant business and construction workers on short-term contracts.

Indian Organizations

Indian Association Azerbaijan (IAA), Baku Malayalee Association (BMA), Baku Tamil Sangham (BTA) and Azerbaijan Telugu Association (ATA) are active organizations which organize Indian cultural events.